Marine Le Pen’s 2017 campaign logo
Marine Le Pen announced her candidacy for the 2017 French presidential election on April 8th, 2016, and from beginning to finish, she received high approval in opinion polls. As her campaign manager, she appointed FN Senator David Rachline. The FN had difficulty finding funding because of the refusal of French banks to offer credit. The FN instead borrowed EUR9million from the First Czech-Russian Bank, Moscow, in 2014, even though there was a European Union sanction in place against Russia following the annexe of Crimea. In February of 2016, the FN requested Russia for another loan, this time of EUR27 million, however the second loan was never paid.